Understanding the Driscoll Model of Reflection for Reflective Writing

Mar 3, 2021

Olivia james

Reflective writing is a common assignment given to students to increase their critical thinking and creativity. Most of the time, students are not clear on what or how to write such a piece. Reflective writing is an analytical form of writing wherein the writer describes a real or imaginary scene, event, thought, or memory he/she has. The significant point here is that they contribute their reflective value to it. Most students struggle in the reflection part. Driscoll model of reflection helps them in this process.

What Is the Driscoll Model of Reflection?

It is a guide or technique that was developed by Driscoll in 1994. He built the model based on three questions asked by Terry Borton in 1970:

.1. What?

2. So what?

3. What now?

These questions are related to the experiential learning cycle. Each of these questions is matched to the different stages of the cycle. This model provides a structured way of reflection on an experience. Let us learn how this is done:

1. What?

This part focuses on the description of the event. You must first remember and reflect on what happened. Here, you have to purposefully look at all aspects of the scene. Ask your self these simple questions:

² What exactly happened?

² What are the key aspects of this happening?

² What was the sequence of events?

² What did you see?

² What was your reaction?

² What was your action in response?

² What did others do?

2. So what?

This is where you perform that analysis of the situation.This question will generate answers regarding the learnings you had from the experience. The questions at this stage include:

² What did you feel during the experience?

² Are there any changes in the way you feel about it now?

² Why did you react that way?

² What positive or negative emerged out of the situation?

² Are your feelings the same as that of others present?

3. Now, what?

At this stage, you have discovered all the learnings from the experience. Now it is time to channel them into action. What will you do to deal with the situation?

² What are the experience’s effects on you?

² What would you have done differently?

² What should be done to alter the situation?

² How could you better prepare for the situation?

² What went wrong and how to avoid it the next time?

How Does the Model Help With Writing?

When it comes to writing a reflective piece, most students are highly confused as it requires one to use their critical thinking to dissect a situation and provide original insights. This is hard as students are not used to providing their own reflections or insights. They are usually worried that they might miss out on some detail.

This method provides a structured way to approach reflective writing. You can reflect on any given event, experience, scene, interaction, or memory by merely asking these three simple questions. When you have answered the questions, you will have a draft prepared to follow. All you have to do now is to write the document in a proper structure.

Summary: This write-up aims to help students understand the Driscoll model of reflection, which could aid them with reflective writing.


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